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Features and History of Pueblo Architecture

Features and History of Pueblo Architecture

There is an architectural style known as the Pueblo. However, because it seems to have been in extinction, with great efforts being made to revive it, many people refer to it as the Pueblo revival style.

This style of architecture used to be prevalent in the U.S. Southwest. It has its origin from the Spanish missionaries that lived in Mexico for a very long time. Now, the style in question came to the limelight and witnessed the best of its years in the 20th century. But, it was between the 1920s and 30s that its popularity reached its peak. You will find most of the Pueblo styled houses in New Mexico, though some people who are in love with the style are currently building homes of such style.

History of the Pueblo Architectural System

You will witness most of the Pueblo homes in Arizona, New Mexico and Colorado. Some other western states have these homes, but the New Mexico is known to be in the forefront of its revival. It was an architect known as A. C. Schweinfurth that added some of the features of Pueblo homes in the houses he built in California. The most notable among them is the Mary Elizabeth Jane Collter’s Hopi House that resides in the national park of the Grand Canyon. In the same vein, when Isaac Rapp wanted to construct the Colorado Supply Company warehouse in Morley, Colorado, he drew inspiration from the San Estevan Del Rey Mission Church, and used it as his template

It was at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque that William G. Tight, who presided over the UNM, chose this style to inspire some of the building projects carried out while he was in office.

When it was time for him to remodel the Hodgin Hall in 1908, he used it. Before this, the style had been used in building the Estufa and a new heating plant. With this, almost every new building in the university used the Pueblo style, interpreting things the way it came across to them.

Pueblo architecture was also popular in Santa Fe. Some artists and architects made it the talk of the town from the 1920s to the 1930s. But it was in 1957, that the order to use the old Santa Fe style was given by John Gaw Meem’s committee on Historical Zoning Ordinance. This style involved the Pueblo Spanish, the Old Pueblo, the Spanish Indian style and the Mediterranean type.

Features of the Pueblo Architectural System

This is constructed like the traditional Pueblo Adobe houses. Albuquerque roofing contractors familiar with this method of construction told us that in some cases, concrete or bricks may be eliminated. Irregular parapets, rounded corners and bittered thick walls could be used in place of the Adobe and in the bid to stimulate it. The walls get to be pained in earth or nude tones, or in some cases, they are stuccoed. The multistoried styles make use of the stepped massing, as it is in the Taos Pueblo. They come with flat roofs, with wooden roof vigas or beams that are projected out. The roof is normally supported by foundations crated by latillas or the curved beam supports and these come in form of wood stripes or peeled tree branches.