There are some ways to know if a tree is healthy or not. In some cases, a tree may become sick even if you take the best care of it by pruning and watering. If a tree is not healthy, you will need to take some good steps to save it and help it grow properly. Look for these signs to know whether a tree is healthy.
A tree should be pruned in such a way that it has only one central leader. According to the tree service company WNY Tree Services, pruning in the right way will not only add strength to the tree but also make it look straight. But you should also keep in mind that not all healthy trees have one central leader. Exceptions include some fruit trees and trees that have several trunks.
Healthy trees show evidence of growth every year. In order to know whether it is growing properly, check the buds of the tree. You will notice scars if the tree is growing normally. Not all trees grow in the same way; so while checking the growth, do not compare a tree with another tree that belongs to a different species.
When you see dead and broken branches, prune them away as soon as possible. If dead and broken branches are there, insects and diseases will attack the tree. You can tell whether a branch is healthy by doing a simple experiment. Just try to bend a branch. If it bends easily, it is healthy.
The bark of a healthy tree should not be peeling, although it is not the case with all kinds of trees. Make sure that fungi can not grow on the trunk. If you happen to damage the trunk, there is a chance that insects will attack the tree. Large holes should also be taken as a sign of diseases.
If it is a deciduous tree, you should not worry about bare patches because leaves will appear in the spring. But you should do something if it is an evergreen tree. Necessary measures will depend on the cause of bare patches. If nutrients and water do not reach those branches, they will become bare. Other causes include improper pruning, insects and use of pesticides.
If the tree is infested with harmful insects, it may become sick. If insects are visible, take proper measures. If there is no fruit or flower, and the size, color and shape of the leaves are distorted, you should be concerned. If the growth rate slows down, and there are holes in bark and branches, proper steps should be taken.
Wilting is a sign that there is something wrong with the tree. In this case, the leaves and stems lose their rigidness and eventually droop. The common causes of wilting are diseases, excessive use of fertilizers, excessive exposure to water, and lack of water.
If the leaves of a tree are healthy, you can assume that the tree is healthy. Proper color, shape and size are the indicators of healthy leaves. You should take proper measures if the leaves turn abnormally yellow. Nutrient deficiencies, lack of water or insects can lead to this condition.